Gynaecology

The gynaecology department at our polyclinic offers diagnosis and treatment for health issues specific to women. This includes preventive check-ups, treatment of puberty problems, fertility treatment, gynaecological oncology and breast medicine.
 

Obstetrics

Obstetrics deals with monitoring pregnancy, ailments that may arise within pregnancy, the birth itself and any postnatal treatment.

What is the role of a gynaecologist?

A gynaecologist specialises in the branch of medicine concerned with disorders of the female reproductive system, hormonal imbalances and cancer screening as well as assisted conception, pregnancy care and childbirth.

When should I start seeing a gynaecologist?

Girls should see a gynaecologist if their periods are painful or if they have an itchy or sore vagina. They should also see a gynaecologist when they become sexually active and need birth control. They can ask for cervical screening which involves taking a small sample of cells from the cervix to rule out any infections.

We recommend that you see a gynaecologist after unprotected sex or if the condom breaks as there is a risk of pregnancy as well as getting or passing on sexually transmitted infections.

When should I see a gynaecologist?

We recommend that you see a gynaecologist for regular check-ups.

You can see a gynaecologist for the following:

  • pain during sex
  • pain, bleeding or discharge affecting internal reproductive organs (uterus, vagina, fallopian tubes, ovaries)
  • pain affecting external reproductive organs (vulva, breasts)
  • breast problems (lump, tenderness, discharge)
  • birth control needs
  • before and during pregnancy
  • fertility problems
  • menopause monitoring
  • unprotected sex or if the condom breaks
  • follow-up care for ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, breast cancer or vulval cancer.

How do I prepare for my consultation with the gynaecologist?

You will receive results from previous tests and examinations, including breast screening, cervical screening, ultrasound scans, birth control prescriptions and medications, in your gynaecological follow-up consultation.

The gynaecologist will ask you for information about yourself, including:

  • date of your period
  • start of your pregnancy
  • health problems (infections, intolerances, allergies)
  • family history (cancers, cardiovascular diseases).

What is cervical screening?

Cervical screening or a smear test is a simple, painless and harmless test which can detect abnormal cells in the cervix.

It is used to prevent cervical cancer as it can detect precancerous cervical cell changes.

Routine screening is recommended every three years for women aged 20 to 65. If cervical screening results are abnormal, a visual examination of the cervix (colposcopy) is performed to locate the abnormal cells and take biopsies.

What is the male equivalent of a gynaecologist?

An andrologist is a specialist doctor with postgraduate training in the male reproductive system. We recommend that men should start seeing an andrologist from the age of 40.

The main reasons for a consultation are:

  • male infertility problems
  • erection problems
  • ejaculation problems
  • testicular cancer
  • genital or testicular abnormalities
  • azoospermia (no sperm count)
  • frenulum tear
  • priapism
  • male birth control
  • andropause (decrease in testosterone production).